Varicose Veins are dilated tortuous veins in the legs. They can give rise to pain or fatigue in the legs, which gets worse towards the end of the day. It can occur anywhere in a vein close to skin, but occur most often in the legs. Faulty valves in veins, weakened and stretched vein walls cause varicose veins to develop. If left untreated they can lead to ulceration in the legs.
Varicose veins are more common in women than in men, and are linked with heredity. Other related factors are pregnancy, obesity, menopause, aging, prolonged standing, leg injury, abdominal straining, and crossing legs at the knees or ankles. Less commonly, but not exceptionally, varicose veins can be due to other causes, as post phlebitic obstruction and/or incontinence, venous and arteriovenous malformations. Diabetic patients, specially if obese, may develop them.
A specialist evaluates the disease on the basis of physical examination, symptoms and medical history. Some advanced tests like doppler ultrasound, CT scan, MRI and angiogram are needed. The symptoms are -
Treatment options of Varicose Veins disease include:-
Surgical : Varicose veins can be treated by Classical/open vascular surgery as well as by Laser surgery. Vascular surgery is a specialty of surgery in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries and veins, are managed by medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction.
- Vein stripping
- Vein ligation
- Ambulatory phlebectomy
- Laser ablation
- Avoid standing for too long.
- Raise your legs when resting or sleeping.
- Wear elastic support hose.
- Radiofrequency ablation.