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OSTEOARTHRITIS
Doctors who treat OSTEOARTHRITIS or similar ailments belong to following departments:
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Orthopaedics     

About OSTEOARTHRITIS

ABOUT THE DISEASE

Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder. It results as part of the aging process and due to wear and tear. The cartilage in the joint area which allows bones to smoothly glide over each other gets damaged resulting in joint pain, stiffness, swelling, tenderness, decreased range of movement, etc which vary in severity in different individuals.

The symptoms usually start appearing in middle age. It may affect any joint but is most commonly seen in knees, hips, neck, lower back, etc. Factors that can be considered as risk factors include old age, obesity, sedentary life style, joint injury, congenital defect in bone or cartilage, hormonal disorders, etc. It is considered to be a progressive disease which worsens with time. Treatment would help to slow down the progression, as well as, relieve pain and improve joint movement.

Besides physical examination, the tests required include :

- Blood, Urine, Joint fluid examination.

- Imaging- X-Ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasound.TREATMENT
The treatment is directed towards reducing pain and improving the joint movements. Following options are tried alone or in combination :-

- Medications : Analgesics, NSAIDs, Cortisone injections, etc.

- Physiotherapy

- Surgery : is advised in cases who do not respond to medical therapy or where the joint is badly damaged. It can be in form of -
  1. Arthrosopic repair of torn/damaged cartilage.
  2. Osteotomy - where bone alignment is changed to relieve the stress.
  3. Joint replacement, such as Total Knee Replacement (TKR), Hip Replacement - Damaged portion of the joint bones is removed and replaced by an implant.

  4. Knee Resurfacing - is one of the newer techniques gaining popularity which is helpful in patients having arthritis in one compartment of the knee. Since only the damaged surface of the knee joint is replaced by an implant, trauma is minimized and there is faster recovery. These unique implants allow stability to the joint without any bone cut, cement or screws. Many patients when given an option, opt for it. It is being done at select centres in India.

OrthoGlide® - Expanding the Options for Patients and Surgeons

The OrthoGlide® Medial Knee Implant may offer patients and surgeons an alternative to total knee replacement. The innovative design of the OrthoGlide is intended as a treatment for moderate osteoarthritis of the medial compartment of the knee and has the ability to restore function and relieve pain. The unique engineering of the OrthoGlide allows for stability without screws and other rigid fixation methods and doesn’t require bone cuts, resulting in an unconstrained natural motion of the knee.

OrthoGlide Expands the Treatment Options by :
  1. Offering a minimally invasive surgical procedure.
  2. Not requiring bone cuts, cement or screws to position the device.
  3. Providing pain relief, rapid recovery and only minimal physical therapy.

Special Features of the OrthoGlide Medial Knee Implant :
  1. Smooth, unconstrained glide path for the articulation of the femur.
  2. Engineering design allows the implant to sit on the tibia, ensuring the OrthoGlide maintains proper positioning.
  3. The specially contoured geometry of the implant allows for front-to-back and side-to-side stability within the knee joint.

YouTube Video : Fortis Hospitals Introduces Minimally Invasive Knee Resurfacing Surgery for the First Time in Karnataka.

Click here to Send us a query if you wish to explore any of these options.

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