ABOUT THE DISEASE
Aortic stenosis, or aortic valve stenosis, is a narrowing of the aortic valve. The aorta is the main artery through which blood is pumped out of the heart. Thus aortic stenosis causes reduced blood flow making it hard for the heart to pump blood and can lead to chest pain and heart failure. Blood may back up in the lungs and blood supply to brain and other body organs get reduced.
In children some other symptoms may include:
Aortic stenosis may be present from birth (congenital), but usually it develops later in life (acquired). Most common reasons are calcium deposits that narrow the valve, rheumatic fever and radiation therapy.
- Cardiac auscultation- Chest x-ray- ECG- Exercise stress testing- Echocardiography
In mild cases:- regular watch, avoidance of strenuous physical activity, medication is advised.
In severe cases, the options are:- Valve replacement (through open heart surgery)- Trans catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)- Valvuloplasty
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