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Adnexal mass/tumor
Doctors who treat Adnexal mass/tumor or similar ailments belong to following departments:
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Gynaecology and Obstetrics   General Medicine  
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About Adnexal mass/tumor

ABOUT THE DISEASE

This refers to a pelvic mass or tumor developing in the area connecting to the uterus, i.e. fallopian tube, ovaries and broad ligament. Women of all ages can develop adnexal masses and may be discovered due to symptoms or incidentally from a physical exam, radiologic imaging or surgery. These masses can be cancerous or non-cancerous, therefore require a proper evaluation.

Adnexal_Mass

CAUSES

In premenopausal women, physiologic follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts are the most common adnexal masses, besides the possibility of ectopic pregnancy. Other masses in this age group include endometriomas, polycystic ovaries, tubo-ovarian abscesses, hydrosalpinx and benign neoplasms.

Malignant neoplasms are uncommon in younger women but become more frequent with increasing age. In postmenopausal women with adnexal masses, both primary and secondary neoplasms must be considered, along with leiomyomas, ovarian fibromas, etc.

SYMPTOMS

Patients are often asymptomatic. Those who have symptoms may present with:

  • • Urinary frequency
  • • Pelvic or abdominal pressure
  • • Bowel habit changes
  • • Abdominal pain

DIAGNOSIS

- History
- Physical examination
- Pap Smear
- Ultrasonography-transabdominal or transvaginal
- CT scan-pelvis
- Complete blood count
- Serum β HCG
- Serum Tumor markers

TREATMENT METHODS

Depending on the cause, the treatment options include:
- Asymptomatic, small, well-characterized adnexal masses may be observed with regular pelvic examinations and radiologic evaluations.
- Medication-hormone therapy
- Surgery to remove the mass/organ


You may also like to learn about:

Ectopic pregnancy
Polycystic ovarian disease(PCOD)
Uterine Fibroid
Ovarian Cysts
Blocked Fallopian tubes
Ovarian cancer


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