Also known as Haemorrhoids
ABOUT THE DISEASE
Haemorrhoids are enlarged/dilated veins around the rectum. They are of two kinds, internal and external. Internal haemorrhoids occur in the veins just inside the rectum. They are usually not painful, but may bleed and protrude outside. External haemorrhoids involve the veins outside the anus and can be felt as a painful swelling or hard lump near the anus. They are often itchy and may crack and bleed. Sometimes clots will form in the veins making them swollen and painful, called as thrombosed haemorrhoids.
Various factors can lead to the development of haemorrhoid problems:- Pregnancy- this increases the pressure in the haemorrhoidal veins.- Constipation/ Straining to have a bowel movement.- Obesity.- Anal infections.- Sitting for long periods of time.
- Physical examination- Sigmoidoscopy- Anoscopy- Colonoscopy
Treatments for haemorrhoids include:
- Medicated creams and suppositories- Stool softeners- Sitz bath
In severe cases a surgical intervention might be requiredThe techniques include-- Banding- Sclerotherapy- Coagulation (Infrared/Laser)- Haemorrhoidectomy- Stapler Haemorrhoidectomy- HAL with RAR (Haemorrhoidal artery ligation with Recto anal repair)
You may also like to learn about:
Anal fissureFistula in anoUlcerative colitisCrohns diseaseConstipationIrritable bowel syndrome